What is Hydrogen?
Hydrogen is an alternative fuel that can be produced from diverse domestic resources. Hydrogen is stored in water, hydrocarbons (such as methane), and other organic matter. Steam forming, which involves combining high-temperature steam with natural gas to extract hydrogen, accounts for the majority of hydrogen produced in the United States. Hydrogen can also be produced through electrolysis using water.
Hydrogen Fuel Cell
Powering fuel cells in zero-emission vehicles
Hydrogen as an alternative transportation fuel can be used to power fuel cells in zero-emission vehicles. Fuel cell electric vehicles (FCEVs) are available in limited quantities in the domestic consumer market.
A fuel cell coupled with an electric motor is two to three times more efficient than an internal combustion engine running on gasoline.
California leads the nation in hydrogen fueling infrastructure for FCEVs, though other states are seeing an increase in private fueling stations to support heavy-duty hydrogen fuel cell vehicle fleets.